At the time of construction or simply for temporary residence in the country it is often required in the construction of simple and unpretentious building. As they say, that cheap and cheerful. Often, these makeshift built of wood and have minimal functionality. But today is widely spread a new kind of temporary structures - block container. It can serve as a temporary housing for construction workers, and it is constant for gardeners. Build block-container with your hands easily enough, and its functionality will allow to fully enjoy the fruits of civilization in the country.
Types of containers block
- The block container own assembly
- The block container, converted from the transport container
- A block container is collapsible
Installation block container
- Assembling block container zero
- Alteration of the finished shipping container
- Mounting block collapsible container
- 1 Types of containers block
- 2 Installation block container
Types of containers block
When planning to build on the site of a block container, you must determine in advance what it will be. This will determine how much money and effort will be spent on its installation. The fact that the block bins by the method of assembly can be divided into three types: a block own container assembly, converted from the transport container and the collapsible container unit. Each of these types of block of containers has its own advantages and disadvantages. Which of them will be given preference depends on the wishes and financial capacity hosts.
The block container own assembly
Such structures are mostly built with his own hands from the ground and drawing on his own. For their use metal frame corners for external profiled walls, interior paneling is performed by plating or plywood is used as a heater stone or mineral wool. A distinguishing feature of such block containers are non-standard dimensions. In fact, such a block-container can be done by hand any size and shape. For the construction of the whole structure will require welding machine and the skill of working with him, what could be a decisive factor in favor of self-assembly of the container.
The block container, converted from the transport container
Today especially popular block-containers, converted from transport. They have many advantages, but it also lacks and disadvantages. The main advantage of such a container is already finished design, which is only slightly modified. But here's the disadvantage of standard sizes, the choice can play not in favor of the shipping container. Of course, as temporary housing for the workers, he is fine, but as a seasonal country house it can be very uncomfortable.
A block container is collapsible
With the market development and technologies in construction began to emerge block containers that are easy to install and also easy to understand. Collapsible containers are very popular among construction companies. They can be disassembled and stored in a warehouse, the benefit - they take up little space, and if necessary to quickly build cabins for the workers on the construction site. Production of block containers handled by specialized company. Construction itself for the most similar to homemade block container, but the use of sandwich panels as walls, floor and ceiling clearly distinguish collapsible container unit. If you do not want to mess around with welding, you can buy a ready-made block-container and simply assemble it as a constructor in the presence of a certain amount. The assembly block container price ranges from 2 000 USD up to 5 000 USD and it depends on the internal area.
Installation block container
Determine the type of block container can proceed to its installation. As already noted, each block type containers requires some effort. The most time consuming is homemade. To create it will have to first perform a drawing, buy materials and then assemble the frame and sheathe it. The simplest and least labor-intensive collapsible container. But the total cost may be higher. Consider how to build with their own hands, each of these types of block containers.
Assembling block container zero
Starting work on the creation of a self-made block-container, the first thing that will have to do, this is his drawing. You can use a computer program, such as ArchiCad, but you can just draw a simple drawing on a sheet of paper. In the drawing, you must specify all the dimensions of the future flow of container to display the installation location of doors and windows. virtually any convenient size for you, you can choose to personally make the block container. But there is one important point. If further required to carry such a container, its width should not exceed 2.5 m. To create a block drawing of the container should comprise a description of materials and dimensions. Particular attention should be paid to the frame, namely, the place of installation of doors and windows. For the doorway and windows need to install additional racks. Finally specify the material for the wall and insulation. Of materials you need the following:
- carcass bent channel 100 mm;
- metal sheets 2 mm thick for subfloors;
- Galvanized corrugated board for the outer skin;
- 40h100 mm wooden block for the lag and the inner frame;
- 25h200 mm boards to a floor, as well as flooring, such as linoleum;
- superdiffuzionnaya membrane for parovlagozaschity;
- insulation (mineral wool or stone) walls, floor and ceiling;
- plywood or plastic lining to the inner casing;
- window and door.
The tool will require a Bulgarian, welding machine, roulette, drill, hand circular saw, a hammer, a screwdriver. As regards fasteners for wood, then it is possible to opt for self-tapping screws or nails.
Pick up all necessary, proceed to block construction of the container. Begin a site preparation for installation of the block container. To do this, flatten the ground and carefully tamped it. That the container was not on the bare ground under it is necessary to create a simple foundation. To do this, you can build the columns of bricks, put a concrete slab or create a pile foundation.
Then go to the cutting pieces of sill to the frame using a grinder. Having received the required number of pieces of the right size, proceed to their welding. at first create waistrail. To take this channel, the corresponding block length and width of the container, to decompose the previously prepared surface and weld together into one continuous frame. During the welding process can lead angles, so that it did not need to grab a corner at several points, and then check if all is normal, then boil completely full until the end of the seam.
Important! To make a simple shed roof, cut quite a few racks of greater length. Usually longer do stand by the door. But such an approach is justified, if not planned to create a different kind of roof.
Cooked sill, go to the uprights. They will be located in the corners of binding, one or two from the back wall, as well as near the doorway and windows. We start from the corners. After you have installed rack, you need to partner kept it strictly in a vertical position, while the welder to grab the rack in multiple locations. And if you happen to do not tilted, then welds the rack completely. For extra stability, the bottom of the rack can be welded triangular struts. Similarly, we weld all other racks.
Important! The distance between the uprights of the doorway should be equal to the door width. Also for reliability between the top of the bridge is welded. The height of the bridge to the corner should be equal to the height of the door. The same applies to the windows. But in them except the top, there should be even lower jumper.
The next step is welding cantrail. It's all quite simple. On top of already welded racks are placed around the perimeter of the upper corners for piping and welded.
Once the frame has been established, Getting to the arrangement of the floor to block the container. To do this, first create a rough floor of the metal sheets. It is done to protect wooden floor finish from moisture and rodents in the flow container. The sheets are expanded inside the frame. Their edges should be placed inside the curved channel, as well as build on the foundation. When the sheets are laid out and fitted with their edges close to each other, as a spot weld the sheets together. Then we laid over the seam several narrow metal pieces so that they are placed perpendicular to the main seam and welds them. At the end of the seam weld sheets.
Further proceed to block skin galvanized container floorings. It's all quite simple. Sheets of corrugated board factory with the internal side of the frame. If the height of the sheets a bit more, they can without much difficulty to trim grinder. Profiled fixed to the frame in several ways. You can use the short screws for metal with a big hat, and can be secured by means of detachable rivets.
Important! Installation sheets in window openings should make lapping sheet 3 - 4 cm at the window opening. It is necessary that after the installation of windows to hide gaps and places to blow out the foam.
After finishing the walls, proceed to block roof container. To use the roof decking is still the same. The only thing you need to do is to weld a few bridges between the walls to secure the sheeting. Next he laid corrugated board and fix it to the metal frame.
The next step is the creation of a wooden skeleton, its insulation and sheathing. frame itself is necessary for laying the insulation, so that the latter does not fall out and are not showered. To do this, use the wooden beams. Initially set the rack, then make a jumper between them. Internal dimensions between the uprights and the crosspieces should match the size of insulation, minus 5 - 10 mm to secure the inside. Now, on top of the frame plank Superdiffuzionnaya membrane and stapler fasten it to a wooden skeleton. At the end of the frame is placed inside the insulation, and it is laid on top of the membrane superdiffuzionnaya again. It remains only to sheathe the walls with plywood or paneling. Similarly, sheathes and ceiling.
With regard to gender, it will be on the wooden joists, laid on the metal sheets. Its creation is similar to the lining of the walls. Initially laid joists. Step choose between them so as to fit to the insulation. Then laid on top of the insulation and membrane plank. Left and secure the boards to the floor. Sami boards need ostrogannoj, close fit and fasten to the joists with nails or screws, and lay them on top of the floor finish.
Now go to the windows and doors. Since a block-container is designed for temporary residence, it is not superfluous to take care of durable and reliable door. It is best to do it yourself from steel sheets. But the creation of such a door requires a lot of experience, so it's easier to buy or make to order. The door itself is mounted on metal hinges, which are welded to the uprights of the bent channel. When installing the loops should strictly ensure that they are aligned. three loops set for metal door. Two top, at a distance of 20 cm and 50 cm from the edge of the door and a bottom, at a distance of 30 cm from the threshold. After that, the doors are mounted in place.
As for the windows, then there is one important point. Windows are vulnerable place in case of burglary, so they will need to protect bars. Lattice itself is welded to the steel channel, which acts as a window opening. Windows themselves can be both wooden and metal-plastic. When installing, check the vertical windows, so it does not overwhelm. The gap between the window frame and sill can stand zapenit. At the creation of a self-made block-container is completed. If desired, the inside can carry out additional finishing work.
Alteration of the finished shipping container
The fashion for all the Western touched and block containers. Today it has become popular to use as huts or even permanent housing block containers, converted from marine transport containers. The cost of a block of the container, converted from the transport may be slightly higher in comparison with the self-made, but it works on the arrangement of an order of magnitude less.
To make the block container of metal, converted from a vehicle, the first thing that you have to do is choose and buy myself b / a container. Ads for the sale of the transport containers can be found without problems. Such containers are made in several sizes: standard and HC (High Cube). 20 and 40 feet in length (6 and 12 meters), a width of 2.35 m and a height of 2.4 m and 2.7 m. The standard container can be found on average to 1200 cu and HC 2100 y. e. These standard dimensions impose certain limitations, especially unpleasant against the container width. But the yield of this situation is the coupling of two or more containers. To create a world fit for block container transport, you must do the following:
- purchase one or more containers and deliver them to the site;
- while the containers are in a way to prepare and smooth the platform under its installation;
- as in the case of a self-made, under the shipping container it creates a simple lightweight foundation;
- after shipping container is set in place. Must be ordered in advance crane;
- if the containers will be joined, then after their installation cut away adjoining walls by means of grinders;
- in place of docking, where the lower and upper runs strapping, as well as vertical uprights, weld them together;
- if the container is only one, then we proceed to the cutting out openings for windows and doors. This is done using a blowtorch or grinder;
- to secure the door to the doorway, you can install two vertical uprights of the metal corner;
- Further work will be to finish the block container. They are identical to the operation described for block improvised container. The only major difference would be in need of external finishes, namely painting or cladding metal walls.
Mounting block collapsible container
Of all the block containers most expensive and at the same time the easiest to assemble a collapsible container unit. Such containers are made to order in a specialized facility. Block collecting container has a standard width of 2.5 m, and the length may range from 2.5 m to 6 m. It is also possible create a larger block length of the container. Assembling such a container is performed by two installers and resembles a normal constructor assembly time of from 4 to 6 hours. Such high assembly indices resulted from the use of sandwich panels and pre-fitted to each other details. When you build with their own hands for the first time, the company can provide its expert and a complete set of assembly documentation.
Collection containers are installed in several stages. On the ground it is going to frame which is connected by means of bolts. On the second floor is placed and mounted the roof. In the third step the walls are installed. At the end of installing windows and doors. Demonstrating on a collapsible container unit photo you can see how easy and flexible installation such containers.
In the creation of a block of containers no special secrets or difficulties. The main thing that is needed is the ability to handle tool. Since it depends on whether you can own hands to collect the entire structure. For those who are not accustomed or do not know how to work with your hands, you can hire professionals to recommend and purchase the finished block container.